Footnotes and Very Short Bibliography on the Soul

Footnotes and  Very Short Bibliography on the SoulMath mind

The Classics:

Plato, Phaedrus
Aristotle, De Anima, Bible, (Genesis, 2:7, Ecclesiastes 12:7, I Samuel 28, II Samuel 12:23, Isaiah 14:9-10,  Matthew 27:50, 10:28, Luke 12:4-5, 19:19-31, II Corinthians 5:1-10, Revelations 6:9-11).Augustine, On the Immortality of the Soul, XVI, 25, City of God, XIX, 3, Aquinas “Summa Theologica, Book I, Q75Descartes, Meditations and Passions of the Soul

Modern Books:

R. Swinburne, The Evolution of the Soul, (Oxford University Press, 1997).

J.P. Moreland and Scott N. Raw, Body & Soul: Human Nature & the Crisis in Ethics (Inter-varsity Press, 2000).

John Cooper, Body Soul and Life Everlasting, (Eerdmans Publishing co. 2000).

Warren S. Brown, Nancey Murphy, and H. Newton Malony, eds. Whatever Happened to the Soul? Scientific and Theological Portraits of Human Nature (Fortress Press 1998).

Ric Machuga, In the Defense of the Soul (Brazo Press, 2000).

Samuele Bacchiocchi, Immortality or Resurrection (Remnant Publications, 1998).

Donald MacKay, Brains, Machines and Persons, (Eerdmans, 1980).

William Hasker The Emergent Self (Cornell University Press, 1999).

Keith Ward In Defense of the Soul (OneWorld, 1998).


Khaldoun A. Sweis “Consciousness or Qualia: What a Conversation From Leading Thinkers in the Field May Sound Like.” (2009) Think 8 (23):45-53.

Mario Bunge “The Pope, evolution and the soul” Free Inquiry. Vol. 17. Is. 1. Winter 1996. 11+.

Fred D. Jr. Miller  “ARISTOTLE’S PHILOSOPHY OF SOUL.” The Review of Metaphysics.  Vol: 53. Is.2: 1999, 309.

The entire journal of Faith and Philosophy, Vol. 12, No. 4 (October 2003).

See also the journal Philosophia Christi


Elwell, Walter A. “Entry for ‘Soul'”. “Evangelical Dictionary of Theology”.  available at  . 1997.

J.P. Moreland “Body and Soul Part 1 of 3: Why Consciousness Isn’t Physical” From Reasons to Believe available at

See see under “evidence for the soul.”

Christianity Today search under “soul” available at

-Alvin Plantinga “Christian Philosophy At The End Of The 20th Century” available at

Stand to Reason, search under “soul” available at


Closer to the Truth available at:


[1] S. Pinker,“The Brain: The Mystery of Consciousness”  Time, 19, January 2007. available at,9171,1580394-2,00.html#ixzz0ifT6Cuk3 ; Last accessed 19 March 2010

[2] W. W. Robson, The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes, ed. Doyle, Arthur Conan (Oxford, England: Oxford University, 1999), 169.

[3] In context, Kant wrote: “[i]ts central doctrine is that we are in self-consciousness aware of the thinking self as (1) always a subject and never a mere predicate of something else; (2) simple, since if we abstract from the content of thought, the bare I which remains contains nothing complex; (3) self-identical in time; (4) self-existent, that is, existent independently of and in complete distinction from the things which are its objects. Now if these propositions are true they would enable us to infer the immortal nature of the soul, since a simple substance is by definition indestructible except by miraculous annihilation.”  T. D. Weldon, Introduction to Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1946), 115-117; it should be noted here that Kant argued that all the four points above cannot be know objectively. Kant argued against Descartes that the soul cannot be known as something to study because its very nature can only be known subjectively.

[4]Anthony Quinton, “The Soul,” The Journal of Philosophy, vol. 59, no. 15 (July 1962); cited in Personal Identity ed. John Perry, (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1975), 65.

[5] Richard Swinburne, Evolution of the Soul (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), 333.

[6] R. Descartes, Mediations, II: 8.